Find out more about Grade 12.
AP English Literature & Composition
Students cultivate their understanding of literature through reading and analyzing texts as they explore concepts like character, setting, structure, perspective, figurative language and literary analysis in the context of literary works. Regardless of whether they take the AP exam, students receive a grade in English towards their Grade 12 diploma. Note: Depending on the year, this course will either be AP English Language and Composition or AP English Literature and Composition.
The regular course for Grade 12 students who are working at their grade level or better. The course examines in some depth the four literary genres: the short story, the novel, drama, poetry. A thematic approach is employed and students are required to examine works from a variety of both contemporary and early writers, with an emphasis placed on independent study.
Prerequisite: Science Option Math 11 (90%) or Pre-Calculus (85%). AP Calculus AB is a comprehensive survey of the basic concepts of calculus. The material covered is equivalent to a normal two-term college or university calculus class. The course requires the student to take the College Board assessment in May, which, if completed successfully, may lead to course credits in institutions of higher learning. Topics include graphical analysis, limits of functions, derivatives, slope fields, Riemann sums, definite and indefinite integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and numerical techniques of integration.
Pre-requisite: Science Option Math 11 (75%), Pre-Calculus, or departmental approval. This course is an introductory Calculus course, basic to all science-oriented students. Topics include: functions (including trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic) and their graphs, derivatives, applications of derivatives, qualitative analysis of curves, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, anti-derivatives, definite and indefinite integrals and their applications.
Prerequisite: Science Option Math 11 (80%). This course is intended primarily for students who plan to continue studying mathematics in university, be it engineering, commerce, business or pure science or math. Topics include matrices, Gauss-Jordan row reduction, determinants, vectors, lines and planes in 3-D, vector spaces, spanning, linear independence, bases, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, complex numbers, linear transformations and cryptography.
Recommended: Math 11 Science Option or departmental approval. The purpose of the AP Statistics is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: 1. Exploring Data: Describing patterns and departures from patterns; 2. Sampling and Experimentation: Planning and conducting a study; 3. Anticipating Patterns: Exploring random phenomena using probability and simulation, and 4. Statistical Inference: Estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses.
There are no prerequisites for this course. Statistics 12 is primarily intended for students preparing to study the social sciences. It focuses on the accurate usage of descriptive statistics, probability analysis and the collection, analysis and presentation of statistical results. (This course is not available to students of AP Calculus.)
Pre-requisite: Math 11 CST. This class is intended primarily for students who are not yet ready for Calculus but wish to study sciences or business in the future. There are four main topics of study: polynomial functions (types, graphs, properties, equations), rational functions (graphs, properties, equations), trigonometry (unit circle, graphs, properties, equations, trig equations, trig identities) and exponents & logarithms (laws, graphs, properties, equations, applications). Each topic of study is investigated thoroughly as preparation for university-level mathematics courses.
This course is designed to help students appreciate the natural world, encouraging the use of primary sources with personal investigation. Topics include: chemistry of life, cytology, cellular energetics, cell communication, the cell cycle, heredity, gene expression, natural selection as well as ecology.
AP Chemistry expands on topics covered in Advanced Chemistry 11. Topics include quantum mechanics, atomic theory, VSEPR (valence shell electron pair repulsion) theory, redox reactions and electrochemistry, thermochemistry, application of calculus to chemical kinetics, solutions and acid-base equilibria. Problem solving techniques, completing laboratory procedures and writing laboratory reports are emphasized throughout the course.
A course incorporating both theoretical and experimental exploration of the concepts of general chemistry, extending and developing understanding of topics such as atomic theory, VSEPR (valence shell electron pair repulsion) theory, chemical kinetics, equilibria, redox reactions and electrochemistry as well as an introduction to organic chemistry. Chemistry 12 prepares students for first-year university chemistry.
This course covers the mechanics portion of a calculus-based physics course (Mechanics C). Topics include kinematics, projectile motion, Newton’s laws, equilibrium, momentum and impulse, conservation of momentum, centre of mass, uniform circular motion, rotational kinematics, moment of inertia, torque, rotational statics and dynamics, angular momentum and angular impulse, conservation of angular momentum, gyroscopic motion, work, linear and rotational kinetic energy, gravitational and elastic potential energy, conservation of energy, simple harmonic motion, oscillations, Newton’s law of gravity, circular and general orbits and the special theory of relativity. The course is structured to enable students to take the AP Physics C (Mechanics) exam, which is written in May.
This course covers the mechanics portion of a calculus-based physics course. Topics include kinematics, projectile motion, Newton’s laws, equilibrium, momentum and impulse, conservation of momentum, uniform circular motion, rotational kinematics, moment of inertia, torque, rotational statics and dynamics, angular momentum and angular impulse, conservation of angular momentum, gyroscopic motion, work, linear and rotational kinetic energy, gravitational and elastic potential energy and conservation of energy.
Grade 12 Electives
AP Studio Art
AP students at the studio level produce a portfolio of artworks acceptable as a document for further study in an artistic field and exhibition in and out of school. Students study in-depth the different elements of the AP requirements and are required to produce diverse, intensive and high-quality pieces of art falling under quality (the development of a sense of excellence in art), concentration (an in-depth commitment to a particular artistic concern), breadth (a variety of experiences in the formal, technical and expressive means available to the artist. A variety of methodologies in the course are employed, including studio work, introductory lectures, critiques, presentations, photography and digital media. Students are expected to successfully develop a personal visual language through meaningful and self-directed art.
AP Comparative Politics
This course is a traditional college level (half-course) introduction to the comparative study of state systems and their political components. The primary goal of the course is to increase student understanding of the history, political traditions, values and structures of comparative systems. The work involved concerns the study of political science theory and methodology and their application to the analysis of specific countries.
This class is offered to students who were in Français langue maternelle or to students who were in enriched French Second Language in Grade 10. Emphasis is placed on reading, understanding and analyzing francophone literature and translations of foreign literature. The objective is to involve students in their understanding of the world through novels. Different grammar aspects are explored. AP French can be an elective option in Grade 12. At the end of the year, students will write the AP exam and the enriched Ministry exam.
AP Human Geography
This introductory course focuses on the patterns and processes of human activities and their relationships with the Earth’s surface and our physical world. It analyzes the natural world and the implications that link people and places and the constantly changing face of environments and landscapes within which human life is situated. Students learn to utilize a variety of information sources and read and discuss knowledgeably in the field of geography. Students will be prepared to analyze and discuss a variety of geographic topics from the past to the present and future. Students also learn to conduct research and convey their viewpoints through major written assignments, oral presentations and debates.
This course is designed to prepare students for the AP Economics exam. Students learn how to graph and analyze critical economic concepts such as production possibility curves, supply, demand, equilibrium, market failures and different market structures. Students learn how to determine reasons for changes in market structures, AD/AS models, money markets, loanable funds markets and currency exchanges and their impact on society as a whole. Students formulate questions to explore issues, developments, concepts, models and policies related to overall expectations and to identify the focus of their inquiry. Students need to be able to determine which key concepts are relevant to their inquiry. Students develop criteria that they will use in evaluating data, evidence and/or information; in making judgements, decisions or predictions; in reaching conclusions; and/or in solving problems − to determine which economic model it would be appropriate to apply. Students collect relevant qualitative and quantitative data, evidence and/or information from a variety of primary and secondary sources, including community resources − determine if their sources are credible, accurate and reliable − identify the purpose and intent of each source − identify the points of view in the sources they have gathered. They will use a variety of methods to organize the data, evidence and/or information they have gathered, record the sources of the data, evidence and/or information they are using to support inquiry.
This is an introductory-level course offering an overview of the Western philosophic tradition and its main fields, namely: ontology (theory of being); epistemology (theory of knowledge); axiology (theory of value), including ethics (theory of right behaviour) and aesthetics (theory of beauty or art); and logic (theory of correct inference). Students learn critical-thinking skills and techniques used in researching and investigating topics in philosophy. Students learn the main ideas expressed by the major philosophers of the Western tradition, how to develop and explain their own philosophical ideas and how to apply those ideas to contemporary social issues and personal experiences. This course gives students many opportunities to analyze, explore, reflect upon and actively do philosophy.
This course is a survey of the various disciplines in the field of psychology examined from the perspective of the different schools of thought proposed by the world’s most prominent psychologists, past and present. Content includes the history and methods of psychology, biology, states of consciousness, sensation and perception, learning, memory, human development and social psychology. Students carry out research, presentations and group discussions to study these core concepts.